Bole Verb Morphology

Alhaji Maina Gimba
University of California, Los Angeles, 2000
Professor Russell G. Schuh, Chair

This study draws on earlier works by Lukas (1970/71, 1971/72, 1971) and Schuh (1983) all of which describe the verbal system of Bole by classifying verbs according to their formal behavior in tense/aspect/mood. This study will however go beyond these descriptions, to look at the interaction of morphosyntactic and morphophonological properties that give shape to the realization of verb forms. Various inflectional units which give various shapes to the verb stems will be examined. In particular, we focus mainly on clitics and tones, and how the two interact with each other in Bole verbal system. First we give a survey of the verb classes and verb forms and the forms of verbal nouns. Second, we examine pronouns which are clitics to the verb stem. Third, we explore other verbal clitics including but not limited to what is referred to as verbal "extensions" (Lukas 1971, Schuh 1983b). Finally, we examine reduplicated verb stems and other related inflectional categories which give rise to different semantic interpretations, consequently making the term "pluractional" more appropriate than "reduplication" or "intensive" (the later used by Lukas 1971). A description of this nature, we hope, will help towards the understanding of the verbal system of Bole, as well as contribute towards the understanding of the verbal system of other languages to which Bole is genetically related.

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