Introductory Phonology

a textbook by

Bruce Hayes
Department of Linguistics

This page is intended to provide supplementary materials and other assistance to users of my textbook Introductory Phonology, published by Blackwell/Wiley (2009).  


Typo corrections

List of typo corrections (PDF format)


Sound files

These are in .wav format and will play on most computers.  The speaker in all English examples is the author, Bruce Hayes.

Chapter 6

Figure 6.1:  "rush, Russ Schuh, rush Schuh"

Chapter 15

Figure 15.1:  Ibgo ákwá, àkwá, ákwà, àkwà
Figure 15.2:  "Animal" in statement and question intonation  
Figure 15.3:  Japanese:  minimal triplet for pitch accent
Figure 15.4:   Pitch tracks: "Kentucky, Alabama, Minneapolis" with the "Declarative" tune
Figure 15.5:   "Kentucky" pronounced with four different pitch ranges
Figure 15.6:   The "Emphatic Question" tune:  "Kentucky, Alabama, Minneapolis"
Figure 15.7:   "Minneapolis" misaligned
Figure 15.8:   Contour tones:  "Tennessee, Kalamazoo"
Figure 15.9:   A four-tone contour on "Anne!"
Figure 15.10:   Blocking the formation of contours:  "Panama, Tipperary?"
Figure 15.11:   The "Regular Question" tune:" Kalamazoo?"
Figure 15.12:   The "Declarative" tune: "He forgot the erasers"
Figure 15.13:   Contrastive stress
Figure 15.14:   The "Surprise" tune: "The blackboard is orange!"
Figure 15.15:   The "Surprise tune:  "The canoe is orange!"
Figure 15.16:   The "Predictable" tune:  "Ebenezer was a saint"
Figure 15.17:   The "Predictable" tune: "The end"
Figure 15.18:   The "Predictable" tune: "Press the Eject button"


Sample Term Papers

(PDF format)

"High vowel devoicing in Quebecois"
"Syncope in Namklaw"


Items about Writing

Phonetic Fonts

Visit this page for information about phonetic fonts you can use for your homeworks and term papers.


Put pretty feature matrices into your Word documents, which look like this:

by visiting my Brackets page.



I. Excel spreadsheet with segments and their feature values.  These are the features used in the text and in FeaturePad.  When in Excel, use Ctr a, Data, Sort to sort on a particular feature or features.

II. Feature practice exercise:  20 rules for you to formalize in features, using Feature Pad.  PDF format




Feature Pad is a program that lets you learn features through active practice.  It never tells you the answer to a question, but it always checks your answer for accuracy, and it often points out problems with your answer that need to be fixed. Click here to visit the FeaturePad page.


PhonologyPad is a program that lets you do classical phonology problems (with paradigms, underlying forms, and ordered rules).  It never tells you the answer to a problem, but it always checks your answer for accuracy, and it often points out problems with your answer that need to be fixed. Click here to visit the PhonologyPad page.


This tiny utility program (sorry, Windows only) takes each line of a text file and appends a string-reversed copy, as in:  Bruce > Bruce [tab] ecurB. Useful for environment-hunting when you have your data in a spreadsheet.  Click here  to download.



For Teachers

I maintain an electronic mailing list for faculty who use my book in teaching.  The purposes of the list is to alert teachers to typos, offer new problem sets as they are designed, and in general try to provide useful feedback and information.  If you would like to be on this list, please send your email to me at  Your email address will be used only for the purpose just given and will not be shared.  

Bruce Hayes's Home Page

Last updated November 11, 2009