A supplemental page for the article
Bruce Hayes and James White (2015) Saltation and the P-map. Phonology 32:267-302.
Caution: these are just casual notes, meant for possible future follow-up. If you want to really know if these are saltations, or how they work, you'll have to do some research yourself.
Apparently modern [e] descends from schwa. Schwa is no closer to [i] than it is to [u], so the ancestor stage was arguably non-saltatory. But later, schwa fronted to [e], creating the saltation.
For the second case: historical final /g/ lenited to [w], which then
But final /k/ is realized faithfully as [k]. Hence /g/ saltates over /k/ to arrive as [t].
Obviously not diachrony; though in child phonology the existence of rampant near-neutralization makes any claim made without measurement vulnerable to doubt.
Catalan final devoicing + affrication
Just a note for now; needs to be checked against good sources like Mascarˇ and Wheeler. The voiced palato-alveolar fricative [ʒ] undergoes final devoicing plus affrication to [tʃ], even though final [ʃ], derived from /ʃ/ is well-formed. I got this from the problem set in Kenstowicz and Kisseberthĺs 1979 text, Generative Phonology: Description and Theory.
Source: Bruce Hayes and May Abad (1989) "Reduplication and syllabification in Ilokano" (1989) Lingua 77, 331-374.
In reduplication, glides can reduplicate as long vowels to fill a heavy-syllable template, as in /RED-bwaja/ --> [bu:bwaja]. But simple long vowels cannot thus lengthen: /RED-pusa/ --> [puspusa], not *[pu:pusa].
Like a number of the examples in the Hayes/White paper, this has a probable historical source: [bwaja] used to be [buhaja], where the phonotactic impossibility of *[buh-buhaja] could have given rise to [bu:buhaja], just as in Modern Ilokano /RED-da?it/ becomes [da:da?it] (*[da?da?it]). This is a workable scenario because onset clusters like [bw] did not occur in earlier Ilokano; they generally from historical sources like [buhaja].
Ewe Tone Raising
Source: George N. Clements (1978) Tone and syntax in Ewe. In Donna Jo Napoli (ed.) Elements of Tone, Stress, and Intonation. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press.
Tone sequences of the form H M H (High - Mid - High) surface (non-finally) as R R R (R is "Raised", a super-high tone). But we are given to believe that H H H is stable.
An email kindly sent to me by Connor Mayer:
I was looking at this language isolate Kuot spoken in Papua New Guinea for the Uyghur intonation project I'm working on ... and I noticed that it looks to have some saltation.
According to Wikipedia:
When vowel-initial suffixes are added to stems that end in voiceless consonants, those consonants become voiced. For example:
/obareit-oŋ/ [oba'reidoŋ] he splits it
/taɸ-o/ [ta'▀o] he drinks
/marik-oŋ/ [ma'rigo ŋ] he prays
The phoneme /p/ becomes [▀], not [b].
/sip-oŋ/ ['si▀ɔŋ] it comes out
/irap-a/ [i'ra▀a] her eyes
They also have intervocalic [b] (although there's no data showing stem-final /b/ in the Wikipedia article):
nebam-tuaŋ ľ my feather
It seems pretty similar to the Campidanian examples, but I didn't notice it in any of your or James White's stuff so I thought it might be another interesting case to add to the repertoire.