Kie Zuraw

UCLA Linguistics

Ling 200A

Phonological Theory I

Fall 2020

Tuesdays and Thursdays 10:00-11:50, online

The real web page can be found, for enrolled students, by logging in to CCLE. This page is just a repository of the handouts, for members of the public who may be interested.
Almost everything here is a PDF file, so you need Adobe Acrobat Reader (or similar software) to view and print.

How to make fancy brackets in MS Word
and here is a Word version that you can copy the examples from

Course information



Lecture handouts

  1. Class 1: Overview/intro
  2. Class 2: SPE review
  3. Class 3: Expansion conventions
  4. Class 4: Extrinsic ordering
  5. Class 5: More extrinsic ordering
  6. Class 6: The duplication and conspiracy problems
  7. Class 7: Rules + constraints
  8. Class 8: OT I
  9. Class 9: OT II
  10. Class 10: OT III
  11. Class 11: Issues in process application
  12. Class 12: More issues in process application
  13. Class 13 & 14: Issues in process interaction
  14. Class 15: More issues in process application
  15. Class 16: Levels and cyclicity
  16. Class 17: More levels
  17. Class 18 & 19: The too-many-solutions problem
  18. Class 20: Course wrap-up


This year, we're doing collaborative annotation of readings on Perusall.

Tips on reading scholarly articles

Problem sets

Rules in Malagasy

Constraints in Pohnpeian

Process application in Woleaian

Levels in Spanish


General reference

Jason Riggle's phonology cheat sheet
Everything you need to know on one page

Basic information on all the world's languages.

Speech Internet dictionary (SIPhTrA)
By John Maidment

Features and sounds

Feature chart and definitions by Bruce Hayes
includes handy Excel spreadsheet

Floris van Vugt's Pheatures
Free software for learning about and manipulating features

Online sounds from the UCLA Phonetics Lab--indexed by language and by sound type
Includes an IPA chart that you can click on to hear sounds

Word processing

E-Ching Ng's guide to Microsoft Word for linguistics
Phonetics, phonology, syntax, automatic numbering, and much more

Floris van Vugt's Marpa-OT
Lets you make an OT tableau in a spreadsheet program and then convert it into code you can paste into a LaTeX document.

SIL International
Fonts, software, and more. To go straight to the free Doulos SIL font, click here.

The International Phonetic Association (IPA)
Various useful things, including font information

Doug Arnold's LaTeX for Linguists pages
How to do various linguistic things in LaTeX: IPA symbols, OT tableaux, autosegmental representations, glossing, trees...

A magical, free way to manage your bibliographies--insert citations from your library into your document, and Zotero will make and format a bibliography for you automatically.


Jason Eisner's "Doing OT in a Straijacket"
Includes an inventory of constraints as of 1999, but translated into Eisner's formalism

"How many constraints are there?" by Ashley et al.
An inventory of constraints as of 2008. There's a paper explaining the inventory and an Excel spreadsheet listing the constraints.

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